The fireplace in the center

fireplace in the traditional

medieval fireplace

During the Middle Ages, from the eleventh century, the hearth was still placed in the center of the room, particularly in France and Spain, where huge fireplaces were built from the floor that resumed the custom of "fireplace room".

traditional Friulian fireplace

This central fireplace is still part of the Friulian living tradition, the so-called "focolar" with the bell hood hanging above the fireplace on the ceiling.

The fireplace was not only the source of heating but was also used for cooking by placing grills and caioli on them for dishes.

Mason

Heating direct gain

Mason

Thermal bridges

Mason

Reward gain isolated

Mason

Heat from combustion

Mason

Fireplace evolution

Mason

Three types of leaning fireplaces

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