Green building in Italy

the institutional form of the discipline

the institutional form

Bio-architecture is defined by the National Institute of Bio-architecture (INBAR)


the set of disciplines that presuppose an ecologically correct attitude towards the ecosystem

Bio-architecture developed in the mid-70s, thanks to the efforts of some scholars against the use of artificial materials and harmful substances in buildings.

Since the end of the 1980s, bio-architecture has tried to bring together different disciplines: studies on philosophical approaches and pre-existing design approaches such as those of organic architecture.

The registration of the term by the INBAR led the latter to consider itself the depositary of the phrase and to be able to make exclusive use for design in Italy.

The term is filed for teaching and publications and can not be used for commercial purposes by members who are still qualified as bio-architects or experts in bio-architecture.

For these reasons, other terms have been coined as bio-building or bio-ecological construction, to which other professional organizations such as the National Bio-ecological Association (ANAB) refer.

INBAR, founded in 1988, is a cultural association of professionals, technicians and experts working in the field of Bio-architecture and sustainable development. It is based in Rome and is divided into territorial sections in provincial sections.

ANAB, the registered office here in Milan, was founded in 1989 by a group of architects sensitive to environmental issues and alarmed by the constant depredation of land and the use of materials that are risky for the environment and the health of people.

Both INBAR and ANAB work to qualify building designers and operators, to give a new direction to this sector, aimed at respecting the needs of man and the environment through: training, organizing specific courses and information, with conferences, seminars, study trips, etc.

They also seek to sensitize society on the need for ecological redevelopment of the territory and ecological reconversion of the production of construction materials. Finally, to guarantee planning and construction according to ecological standards, they certify building interventions.

Genius loci

Architecture must respect the place, integrate with it, listen to its genius loci.

The Genius loci is a natural and supernatural entity linked to a place and object of worship in the Roman religion.

This association between Genius and the physical place probably originated from the assimilation of the Genius with the Lares from the Augustan age.


Excavation foundations and radon


Architectural forms


History of the dwelling


The openings


Skin of the building


Feng shui

Portaombrelli design Luca Perlini

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