housing inventions throughout history
The civilizations that followed have created houses and buildings that adapted to lifestyle and environmental conditions.
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The typical Egyptian house with internal courtyards and terraces differed in neighborhood size and complexity; depending on the social class occupied by its owner.
Civilization of Mesopotamia
In the Sumerian period the houses had already developed a lot. The building material used were resistant sun-dried mud bricks.
The typically square-plan house consisted of a group of rooms disengaged from a central courtyard.
The ancient Greek house was rectangular in plan and was divided into three spaces.
The pronaos, the entrance hall followed by the vestibule and the megaron an internal courtyard where the hearth was lit ..
The Romans developed different types of housing based on social rank.
There were single-family dwellings composed of rooms overlooking a central courtyard called the atrium.
The insula dedicated to the less well-off, which could reach up to 5/6 floors.
The villae, built by wealthy Romans outside the city and in holiday resorts.
The social classes of the peasants lived in very simple houses with thatched roofs. The nobles in fortified residences gradually become more complex than the original shape of the medieval castle we all know.
The cities often formed on the basis of Roman military leaders called castrum had a fairly ordered plant with public buildings placed according to precise rules.
The renaissance, especially in Italy sees the birth of the type of building, initially still with some defensive scent in the plant.
These often opulent houses included monumental entrances, inner courtyards and grand staircases leading to the most important building environments.
Modern age and urban development
Industrial production has created a lifestyle that has created impressive urban phenomena.
Out-of-town urban centers that have grown out of production have changed the landscape.
Hygienic conditions are generally improved but the busy life creates a lot of stress.
Thanks to modern construction techniques based on reinforced concrete and steel, buildings have taken shapes that were once unthinkable. Skyscrapers draw the skyline of many cities.