Known since ancient times, the word anger derives from the Sanskrit rabbahs meaning "to do violence".
Pasteur in 1885 applied the first anti-rabies treatment.
The disease is widespread in many parts of the world
There are two epidemiological cycles: one urban and one sylvan The urban one sees the dog as the main infectious reservoir in Africa, Asia and South America while the sylvan cycle is predominant in Europe and North America.
The transmission takes place:
through bites that the infected dog can do to other dogs, other animals and humans
through contact with the saliva of the infected dog with wounds, scratches, licking of non-intact skin and even intact mucous membranes.
The virus in the first phase replicates in muscle tissue, from here it reaches the peripheral nerves up to the central nervous system. Then it reaches the salivary glands and thus the saliva becomes infected.
Your dog is anxious, irritable or depressed early on in the disease. This is followed by neurological signals such as loss of orientation, wandering, hyperactivity so that some dogs become aggressive .
The epilogue of the disease is characterized by a progressive paresis of the musculature, up to coma and death.
The evolution of the disease is rapidly fatal: prophylaxis on humans is possible through inoculation around the wound and in depth of immunoglobulins.
Unfortunately, 10 days of isolation are foreseen for the dog, under the control of the competent USL of the territory, which will subject the animal to checks before and after death.
Vaccination prophylaxis is really important for rabies, to be repeated annually for preventive purposes.