We have said that minerals are divided into macroelements: among the first we include calcium , important in the formation of bone tissue whose action also extends to the nervous and muscular level and phosphorus .
magnesium , in association with calcium, acts on metabolism, while in association with potassium it intervenes in energy metabolism.
sodium chloride , ie the salt, acts on the circulation of extracellular fluids.
Finally, potassium which intervenes in the circulation of intracellular fluids.
Minerals are also divided into trace elements : zinc, which acts on the synthesis of proteins. A deficiency can have unpleasant consequences on the dog's development, causing cancer or skin problems.
copper , which in addition to its role in synthesizing hemoglobin, makes a significant contribution to bone growth. Iron, on the other hand, intervenes in the red blood cells, carrying oxygen.
iodine affects the thyroid gland. Selenium, associated with vitamin E, contributes to the integrity of cell membranes. Finally, vitamins, substances that intervene in the metabolism of nutrients: they are introduced through food.